Types of Box Trucks
There is a variety of box truck designs. The most important is they are straight trucks since bed (cargo space or body), and cab lies on the same chassis.
Along with box design, size and door type, they usually differ in cab design. There are two main types:
1. Conventional – they are easy to recognize because of a truck nose. The engine is placed in front of a steering wheel. A typical conventional box truck is Freightliner M2
2. Cabover COE (Cab over engine)
– This type of box truck hasn’t nose and bonnet. The engine sits practically in the cab, under the seats. Most popular representatives of this group are Isuzu NPR and Mitsubishi F Series.
Moreover, trucks can are divided into the following types:
• Light Duty Box Trucks
– These are also known as high cube vans or cutaway vas. Their front looks like a cargo van, but they have a box behind the cab. They are like a mixture of cargo van and truck. Ford E-Series and GMC Savana G-Series trucks are most used in the US. The box is equipped with garage-like doors or light-duty lift. Light-duty box truck has a capacity from 8,500 to 14,500 lbs. The fuel tank is slightly under 30 gallons. They have estimated fuel economy of 12 mpg.
• Medium Duty Box Trucks
– have greater hauling and towing capabilities and can hold from 15,000 to 33,000 pounds. Usually, use big diesel engines with an automatic or manual transmission. They come in size from 18-foot to 26-foot body length. GMC W4500, Hino trucks, International 4300, Isuzu NPR and Freightliner M2, are typical inventory in this category. The box can have either rolling doors or liftgate that can hold up to 2,000 pounds. The fuel tank is from 33 to 50 gallons. Medium-duty truck estimated mpg is around 13.